United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs - UNOOSA
The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) was established in 1958 as the United Nations (UN) office responsible for promoting and facilitating international and peaceful cooperation in outer space. The purpose of UNOOSA in the period of its foundation was to advise the UN about the incipient activities of the use of outer space precisely at the beginning of the so-called Space Race, a period in which the Soviet Union and the United States fought for the pioneering spirit of space actions, requiring appropriate regulation.
The first document that emerged to govern the rules for the use of the cosmos was the Outer Space Treaty, which is the primary basis of international space law until today. The Treaty came into force in 1967 and aimed to prevent the abusive use of celestial bodies and outer space by countries, such as the use of satellites or space missiles as weapons of mass destruction.
Therefore, the protagonism of diplomatic space activities was obtained, seeking a peaceful and joint operation of celestial bodies. After being consolidated through the Outer Space Treaty, UNOOSA has proven to be one of the UN bodies with increasing importance in recent years. The current scenario demonstrates the renewal of the interest in exploring outer space and the emergence of new actors aiming at the vastness of the cosmos.
TOPIC A: The Space Debris Problematic
Restante do resumo do comitê.
Amanda Cristina Matias de Macêdo
César Henrique Souza de Santana
Dante Pessoa Othon
Letícia Alves Cardoso Dantas
Maria Eduarda de Melo Silva Nogueira
Raissa Villar Rodrigues
Mariana Lara Borges Pinto
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The Pros And Cons Of Privatizing Space Exploration. [S. l.], Apr 4th, 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2017/04/04/the-pros-and-cons-of-privatizing-space-exploration/?sh=5d4c6de33319. Accessed on: dec 31st, 2022.
The Complicating role of the Private Sector in Space. Retrieved from: https://thebulletin.org/premium/2022-01/the-complicating-role-of-the-private-sector-in-space/. Accessed on: jan. 1st, 2023.
SIMBERG, Rand. The Surprisingly Long History of Private Space Exploration. Retrieved from: https://reason.com/2017/07/23/missing-title-in-rtf/. Accessed on: jan. 3rd, 2023.
UNITED NATIONS. United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs. Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. Vienna, 2010. Retrieved from: https://www.unoosa.org/oosa/documents-and-resolutions/search.jspx?view=documents&match=ST/SPACE/49. Accessed on: dec. 30th, 2022.
Space Debris Is Now a Big Problem. Produced by: VICE News. YouTube, 2019 (12min). Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OfvkKBNup5A. Accessed on: dec. 29th, 2022.
Space Junk (2012), 38 min, Directed by: Melissa R. Butts. Synopsis and movie retrieved from: https://www.documentarymania.com/video/Space%20Junk/. Accessed on: jan. 2nd, 2023.
Mars: Inside SpaceX (2018), 46 min, Directed by: Julia Reagan. Synopsis retrieved from: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt9269852/. Accessed on: jan. 3rd, 2023.
The Space Industry: The evolution of commercial human spaceflight. Produced by: Satsearch. Interviewee: Laura Crabtree. Interviewed by: Hywel Curtis. Retrieved from: https://open.spotify.com/episode/3Ei56GBtbPY1XoQ30SwC9R?si=7fc908e173644e78. Accessed on: jan. 3rd, 2023.
 UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR OUTER SPACE AFFAIRS (UNOOSA). Intro Outer Space Treaty. Retrieved from: https://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/spacelaw/treaties/introouterspacetreaty.html. Accessed on: dec. 29th, 2022.
 ARMS CONTROL ASSOCIATION (ACA). The Outer Space Treaty at a Glance. 2020. Retrieved from: https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/outerspace. Accessed on: dec. 12th, 2022.
 NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (NASA). Orbital Debris Quarterly News. Vol. 25, 2021. Retrieved from: https://orbitaldebris.jsc.nasa.gov/quarterly-news/pdfs/odqnv25i1.pdf. Accessed on: dec. 12th, 2022.
 IACOMINO, Clelia. The Evolving Role of Private Actors in Space Exploration. In: Potential Contributions of Private Actors to Space Exploration Programmes. Vienna, Austria: Springer Cham, 2019. p.(35-74). Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-15751-7. Accessed on: jan. 3rd, 2023.